The population of Syktyvkar is about 243,000 (2015), the area – 152 sq. km.
The phone code – +7 8212, the postal codes – 167000-167983.
Syktyvkar history began in the 16th century when this area was settled by Komi. In 1780, by decree of Catherine II, Vologda viceroyalty consisting of nineteen counties was formed, among which was Ust-Sysolskiy county; thereby the village of Ust-Sysola was transformed into a county town of Ust-Sysolsk.
In the 19th century, Ust-Sysolsk turned into a large trade center in the North. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was a small provincial town with a population of about 6.5 thousand people, 95% of them were Komi.
Syktyvkar means “the town on the Sysola River” in the Komi language.
The climate is temperate continental, with short, but quite warm summers and pretty cold long winters. The average temperature in January is minus 14.2 degrees Celsius, in July – plus 17.5 degrees Celsius.
Syktyvkar is an industrial center of the region. There are about 40 large plants in the city, one-third of them are of national importance. Woodworking, pulp, and paper industries are the leading industries of the local economy. Also, it is one of the largest research centers of the European North of Russia. There are about 30 research institutions in the city.
Buses and taxis are the main types of urban transport. Syktyvkar is the final destination of the highway R176 “Vyatka”. Syktyvkar airport offers flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Perm, Kazan, Ekaterinburg, Samara, Naryan-Mar, Kirov.
Syktyvkar places of interest
The oldest surviving buildings in Syktyvkar were built in the early 19th century. Sukhanov House (1804), a monument of stone architecture of this period, is the oldest stone building in the city. Syktyvkar Fire Tower is the local architectural monument and one of the symbols of the city.